Serbian and Indonesian society of friendship
NUSANTARA - Serbian and Indonesian society of friendship
Indonesia and Serbia have been maintaining traditionally friendly relations for over six decades. Due to this tradition of good relations between former Yugoslavia and Indonesia, on 17th August 2003, marking the Anniversary of Indonesia’s Independence in Belgrade, the Association of Serbian-Indonesian Friendship NUSANTARA has been founded. Nusantara is a non-governmental, non-party and non-profit organisation and by its form it is a civil association with the following goals and tasks:
– to contribute to maintaining, preservation and development of the traditional friendship between Serbia and Indonesia;
– to help establish co-operation concerning social issues, art, education, culture, sports and other areas by contributing to strengthening and development of political and economic relations and co-operation between the two friendly countries;
– to organise artistic, cultural and sporting activities as the incentive to expanding mutual contacts, taking the role of a bridge that will accelerate development of the bilateral exchange as a whole between the two countries;
Significant support to the work of the Association since its inception has been lent by the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia in Belgrade, as well as by a number of companies and institutions operating in various lines of business and with different aims. JUGOIMPORT-SDPR has persisted in supporting Nusantara right from the association’s founding, and today provides the venue for its registered seat.
Considering the fact that the present political relations between the two countries are maintained at a highly satisfactory level, we believe that, by its activities, the Association will promote also the exchange within culture, education and other areas, with the goal of further bringing Serbia and Indonesia closer together.
Here you can find information about the latest news and events Serbian-Indonesian Society of Friendship „Nusantara“
INDONESIA AT A GLANCE
Indonesia, the largest archipelago in the world, consists of 17508 islands, 6000 of which is uninhabited. It is situated in the South-East Asia, running for 8000 Km along the equator. The surface area of Indonesia is 9.8 million sqKm, 80% or 7.9 million sqKm of sea and 20% or 1.9 million sqKm of land.
Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulavesi, Papua.
Jakarta (capital); Surabaja, Bandung, Semarang, Jogjakarta in Java; Medan, Padang, Palembang, Bandar Lapung in Sumatra, Ujung Pandang/Makassar, Menado in Sulavesi; Banjarmasin, Pontianak, Samarinda in Kalimantanu, Denpasar in Bali.
Tropical climate characterised by the two (rainy and dry) seasons - monsoon. Temperature is between 16-35 degrees Celsius, humidity between 70% and 90%.
234 million (records from July 2007)
Recently, the annual demographic growth rate as recorded is 1.48%
Density of population
The population is not evenly spread. 60% of the population or 127 million people live in Java making Java the most densely populated island (approx. 945 people per square kilometre). In Bali it is 555 people per Km2, Sumatra – 88 people per Km2, and Papua 5 people per Km2.
There are 500 ethnic groups living between Sumatra and Papua. The Javanese ethnic group forms the largest group of ancient settlers. Other ethnic groups are Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau group, Batak group, Buginese, Balinese, Ambonese, Dajak group, Sasak group, Aceh group and others. The rest of the groups are of foreign origin, like Chinese, Arabs and Indians.
Majority population (88%) are Muslims, 9% are Christians(Protestants and Catholics) and 3% are Hinduists and Buddhists.
The official Indonesian language is “Bahasa Indonesia“ which has its roots in “Malayu“ (Riau) language. Bahasa Indonesia is enriched by some 150 to 250 spoken and written languages and dialect from the whole of the Archipelago.
Indonesia is the Constitutional Republic with the President. The President is elected by direct votes from the voters – people and he is judicially appointed. The Government has functions in accordance with the Constitution of 1945, based on the Pancasila Doctrine (in Sanskrit: the five principles), defined within the Constitution as: faith in one and only one God, justice and civilised humanity, unity of Indonesia, democracy, led by the inner wisdom and reason among representatives, social justice for the entire people of Indonesia.
BASIC INFO ABOUT SERBIA
The Republic of Serbia is a democratic state of all of its citizens who live in its territory. The political system is based on the multi-party parliamentary democracy. I also includes two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo – Metohija. Serbia has the National Parliament, Government and the President. Local administration is run on the principle of local government, through municipal or city assemblies, administrations and administration authorities. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade, the economic, cultural and administrative center of the country.
Serbia is situated in the central part of the Balkan peninsula, with main road routes connecting Europe and Asia, and its area is 88.361 square kilometres. Serbia is the crossroad of Europe and geopolitically very important territory. International roads and railway, running along its river valleys represent the shortest link between Western and Central Europe on one hand and the Middle East, Asia And Africa on the other. These roads follow the route of the Morava river valley, which parts in two legs near Nis. One leg follows Juzna Morava (South Morava) and the Vardar valley to Salonica, and the other follows the Nisava river to Sofia and Istanbul. The rivers of Serbia belong to the river basins of the Black, Adriatic and Aegean seas. Three of them are navigable: Danube, Sava and Tisa. The longest river is Danube, flowing through Serbia for 588 Km, out of its total 2.857 Km long flow. Since1992, when the canal Rhine-Main-Danube was opened, the Black Sea and the ports of the Middle and Far East became much closer to Europe. The connection with the Adriatic and Montenegro is by the Belgrade-Bar railroad. Northern part of Serbia, Vojvodina, is mostly a plane, while the central and southern parts are areas of mountains and hills. The lowlands in the Panonian Plane along its rim: Macva, Posavina, Pomoravlje, Stig and Negotinska krajina in Eastern Serbia. Serbia has 55 % of arable land, while 27% is covered by forests. 15 mountain peaks reach over 2000 m and the highest top is Djeravica in the Prokletije mountains (2656 m). Serbian state borders are 2114.2 Km long. In the east Serbia borders with Bulgaria, in the north-east with Hungary, in the west with Croatia and Bosnia, in the south-east with Montenegro and in the south with Albania and Macedonia.
Serbia is within Western European Time Zone (GMT+1). Its climate is moderate continental with slight transition between the four seasons. It has the characteristics of the continental climate in the north (cold winter and hot, humid summer with evenly spread precipitation) and the Mediterranean climate in the south (hot, dry summer and autumn and moderate winter).
Population, language and religion
The Serbian population ethnic composition is very diverse, whish is the consequence of dynamic events in the region’s history. Majority population is Serbian, however, along with the Serbs there live 37 other nationalities. All citizens have the same rights and duties and enjoy full legal equality. The Constitution of the Republic of Serbia guarantees the same rights to all of the national minorities, in compliance with the highest international standards. According to the last 2002 Census, Serbia has 7,498.001 inhabitants (no records from Kosovo and Metohija). Serbs make 82.86 %, Hungarians 3.91 %, Bosnians 1.81, Roma 1.44, Yugoslavs 1.08, Croatians 0.94, Montenegrins 0.92, Albanians 0.82, Slovakians 0.79, Vlachians 0.53, Romanians 0.46, Macedonians 0.34, Bulgarians and Bunyevtsi 0.27% each, Muslims 0.26%, Ruthenians 0.21%, Slovenians and Ukrainians 0.07%, Goranians 0.06%, Germans 0.05% and Russians and Czechs 0.03% each. The official language is Serbian and Cyrillic is the official script but Latin scrypt is also used. National minorities have the legal right to official use of their language in the areas where they live. Most of the population in Serbia is Christian Orthodox. Serbian Orthodox Church has been autonomous (self-ruling) since 1219 and it palyed a very important role in preserving the national identity. Apart from the Orthodox church there are other religious communities in Serbia : Islamic, Catholic, Protestant, Judaist and other.
There are many national minorities living in the republic of Serbia. The most numerous are Albanians, Hungarians, Bosnians. According to 2002 Census, in Serbia, excluding Kosovo and Metohija, live 1.135.393 people who belong to national minorities. Most of them live in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina - Hungarians (290.207), Croatians (56.645), Slovakians (56.637), Romanians (30.419), Roma (29.057), Bunyevtsi (19.766), Ruthenians (15.626), Macedonians (11.785), Ukrainians (4.635), Germans (3.154), Czechs(1.648) and others. In Central Serbia there are 59.952 Albanians, 135.670 Bosnians, 18.839 Bulgarians, 39.953 Vlachians, 3.975 Goranians, 14.062 Macedonians, 15.869 Muslims, 79.136 Roma, 14.569 Croatians and others. In the southern province of Kosovo and Metohija lives the majority of Albanian national minority. Considering the fact that the last census which included Albanians dates from 1981 (Albanians boycotted the census in 1991 so the records are obtained by an estimate) and that the armed conflicts, exodus of a large number of Serbs and the additional settlement of tens of thousands of Albanians from Albania have definitely changed the ethnic picture of Kosovo and Metohija, we cannot confirm with certainty how many Albanian citizens of Serbia belonging to the ethnic minority live in the Province. The Treaty on human and minority rights and civil freedoms of the Republic of Serbia guarantees equality of citizens despite of their nationality, religion or language, as well as the constitutional freedom of declaration of nationality or refraining from such declaration. The Treaty prescribes ban on discrimination of national minorities, forced assimilation, initiation of racial, national or religious hatred. This document also provides special rights to preservation of particularity, association and cooperation with the people of same nationality in other countries and the Republic of Serbia was and is obliged at all times to promote the full and efficient equality and the spirit of tollerance accordingly. As for the legal status of the national minorities in the republic of Serbia, the most important provisions thereof, as well as the provisions of the Law on protection of national minorities’ rights and freedoms guarantee not only the individual but also the collective rights of those minorities. According to provisions of aforementioned documents, the collective rights include that national minorities take part in decision-making or decide regarding the issues related to their culture, education, information and use of language and script in accordance with the Law. For the purpose of self-government in the areas of culture, education, information and use of language and script, national minorities have the right to elect their own national councils in accordance with the Law. By implementation of this right, ten national minorities have constituted their national councils (Bunyevtsi, Bulgarians, Bosniani, Hungarians, Roma, Romanians, Ruthenians, Slovakians, Ukranians and Croatians) and those national councils are included in the process of collaboration with competent government authorities.
Here you can find a lot of useful links
State and Local Government
The Republic of Serbia President | www.predsednik.rs
The Serbian Government | www.srbija.gov.rs
The Serbian National Parliament | www.parlament.gov.rs
The Agency for Foreign Investment and Export Promotion | www.siepa.gov.rs
The City of Belgrade | www.beograd.rs
Serbian Army | www.vs.rs
The Serbian Tourist Organisation | www.serbia-tourism.org
Our recommendation – please visit:
The Nikola Tesla Museum | www.tesla-museum.org
Belgrade Museum | www.mgb.org.rs
Sava Centre | www.savacentar.com
Belgrade Cultural Center | www.kcb.org.rs
The Ozone Gallery | www.o3.co.rs
Belgrade Philharmonic | www.bgf.co.rs
Yugoslav Drama Theatre | www.jdp.co.rs
Belgrade Arena | www.arenabeograd.com
The Church of St. Sava | www.hramsvetogsave.com
Jelena Jankovic | www.jj-jelenajankovic.com
Ana Ivanovic | www.anaivanovic.com
Novak Djokovic | www.novakdjokovic.com